Roman blinds
A flat fabric blind that folds into deep pleats when pulled up. The fabric can be unlined, lined, or lined and interlined depending on the required look. When the blind is up, the cords are wound around a metal cleat to hold it in place.
Roller blinds
A flat, stiffened blind on a roller that is either operated by a side-winder chain, or by a spring with a centre pull cord. Fabrics are usually purpose made and pre-stiffened, although it is possible to have your own choice of fabric laminated to a stiffened backing layer.

Curtain headings

Pinch Pleat Heading
A traditional handmade heading where the top of the curtain is stiffened with buckram and divided into regular triple pleats with a flat space between.
Double Pleat Heading
Similar to a pinch pleat heading but the pleats are double instead of triple thus uses slightly less fabric and looks a bit more contemporary.
Box-pleated Heading
Another handmade heading where the pleats are made at the back of the curtain creating a very clean looking flat fronted heading. Cannot be used on a regular curtain track.
Fan Pleat Heading
Similar to a double pleat heading, except that each pleat is stitched together at the top instead of at the base of the pleat. A sleek looking heading, best used on full-length curtains.
Eyelet Heading
A contemporary flat heading with large metal eyelets inserted into the top of the curtain at regular intervals.
Pencil Pleat Heading
A taped heading (either 3" or 6” deep) that is stitched on to the curtain by machine. Regular pleats are formed across the top of the curtain when the cords in the tape are pulled. Sometimes a ruffle of fabric is left above the tape for a softer look.

Linings and interlinings

Cotton sateen lining
Plain cotton lining which is usually either white or cream although can also come in a range of colours and even small-scale prints.
Black-out lining
A lining fabric that though either white or cream in colour, has a special finish that blocks light. It can also act as a thermal layer.
Thermal lining
A lining fabric that doesn’t block all light, but acts as a thermal layer to exclude draught from windows.
A soft, fluffy cotton fabric that is layered between the face fabric and lining of a curtain or blind, to add body, thickness and weight to the fabric. It also acts as an effective noise and thermal insulator.

Pelmets and valances

Pelmets are constructed around the top of a window to conceal the track fixtures and fittings and provide extra light-proofing. They are usually made of very thin plywood or other stiffening material, that is covered with wadding and then fabric, and can be straight or decoratively shaped. They are attached to a pelmet board (or shelf) with Velcro.
Valances provide the same function as pelmets, but are soft and either gathered or pleated for fullness around the top of the window.